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1,101 225. a Midshipman who died on board H.M.S.Cressy in 1914. Her commander, Otto Weddigen, was not so fortunate. Naval warfare would never be the same again. Weddigen sunk all three in under an hour causing the loss of 62 officers and 1085 men. His account of his survival from HMS Cressy sunk by German submarine U-9, 22nd September 1914, as recounted to me, his son, Samuel John Chidwick. Spud. There were no survivors. At 6:55, Hogue was struck by two torpedoes.U-9 dived and remained submerged. The sinking of the Battleship Cressy, together with the Battleships Aboukir and Hogue on the 22 September 1914 was a disaster in itself, but was made all the more significant because it ushered in the dawn of a terrible new weapon, the submarine. The loss of the three outdated warships while patrolling the North Sea off the Dutch coast provoked outrage a century ago and earned the vessels an unfortunate nickname: The Live Bait Squadron. In March 1901 she arrived at Portsmouth Dockyard to be completed, which she was in early in 1902. To the memory of John Aubrey Froude R.N. More than 1,450 men died when the cruisers HMS Hogue, Aboukir and Cressy were sunk in the space of an hour by a single German submarine in September 1914. HMS Cressy was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 7 March 1810 at Frindsbury. [2], Shortly after the outbreak of the War of 1812, on 12 August, Cressy shared in the seizure of several American vessels: Cuba, Caliban, Edward, Galen, Halcyon, and Cygnet. She had an active career, also sinking HMS Hawke and serving in the Baltic, being the only one of her class to survive the war. Post Aug 02, 2015 #5 2015-08-02T06:56. Length 440 feet pp 1,101 225. HMS Aboukir, Cressy, Hogue, Pegasus, killed and died, casualty lists September 1914 World War 1 - Casualty Lists of the Royal Navy and Dominion Navies Researched & compiled by Don Kindell 1st - 30th SEPTEMBER 1914 Spud. The Aboukir was hit first a when the Hogue went to rescue survivors she … Otto Weddigen) became world famous when she sank three 12.000 ton British cruisers in less than one hour: Aboukir HMS, Cressy HMS and Hogue HMS, with the loss of … Thinking she had struck a mine, and sinking fast, the order was given to abandon ship. Weddigen returned to a hero’s welcome, was promoted and given a new submarine. Salvaging HMS Cressy, Hogue, and Aboukir Salvaging HMS Cressy, Hogue, and Aboukir. Cressy, together with two of her sister ships, was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-9 on 22 September 1914 All rights reserved. She was wrecked off Jutland in 1811 with the loss of almost all her crew. The U9 was commissioned as the first ship in its class in July 1908 and launched in February 1910. 395 20. Required fields are marked *. Th 9 June 1859 She then participated in the Naval Battle of Hyères Islands in 1795 and took part in the Battle of Copenhagen in 1801. 1, p. 188. HMS Aboukir, HMS Hogue and HMS Cressy were sunk 22 miles off the Dutch coast in 1914 by a German submarine and are the resting place of 1,500 sailors. Aboukir and Hogue Previously sunk in the same action. HMS Pathfinder The first indication of the submarine’s potential came on September 5th 1914, when the British cruiser HMS Pathfinder was sunk in the North Sea off the Scottish coast. List of ships of the line of the Royal Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Cressy_(1810)&oldid=931526684, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2019, at 11:52. Nathan. Almost 100 years after this disaster, an ecological disaster is found on the wreck. [1], On 24 December 1811 Cressy was off the west coast of Jutland, Denmark, under command by commander Charles Dudley Pater and in the company of St George, under Rear-admiral Robert Carthew Reynolds, and Defence, when a hurricane and heavy seas came up. He was transferred to U29 which was rammed and sunk by … In sinking these three cruisers Weddigen brought home the awful reality of submarine warfare. “It was early morning when we were attacked. Most of the bodies that came ashore were buried in the sand dunes of Thorsminde, which have been known ever since as "Dead Mens Dunes". [Note 1], Prize money was paid in November 1815. It always amazes me how many echoes of history lie hidden away in little country churchyards deep in the Devon and Cornwall countryside. It was September 1914 and the three armoured cruisers HMS Cressy, Aboukir and Hogue were on patrol off the Dutch Coast. © 1999–2020 Peter Mitchell and Chris Mitchell. Chatham-based cruisers HMS Cressy, HMS Aboukir and HMS Hogue were sent to the bottom of the sea about 20 miles off Holland in September 1914, leaving 1,459 sailors dead. Primary Documents - Report on the Sinking of the Aboukir, Cressy and Hogue by the U-9, 22 September 1914 Reproduced below is a report of the sinking of three British cruisers - the Aboukir, Cressy and Hogue - by a single German U-boat, U-9, on 22 September 1914. Pictures - Cressy HMS [+1914] - WRECK WRAK EPAVE WRACK PECIO Cruisers were a class of warship developed in the 19th century designed for scouting, ‘commerce warfare’ and showing the flag, roles previously taken by frigates, corvettes and sloops. HMS Drake was built at HM Dockyard at Pembroke, between 1899 and 1902, as a Drake Class armoured cruiser, based on the Cressy Class cruisers. Meanwhile, HMS Cressy, Hogue and Aboukir went on patrolling, unprotected, and eye-catching as ever thanks to their four big smoking funnels. In 1907 she was transferred to the North America and West Indies Station before being placed in reserve in 1909. HMS Euryalus was part of Force C and then escorted convoys to Gibraltar. The German submarine U9. In the early morning of 22 September 1914 the weather had finally changed for the better. 395 20. Hogue and Cressy approached to pick up survivors, throwing anything that would float into the water for the survivors to cling to. HMS Cressy was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 7 March 1810 at Frindsbury. In 1793 she captured one of the richest prizes ever. Your email address will not be published. Post Aug 01, 2015 #1 2015-08-01T18:11. CRESSY was a Cressy Class Armoured Cruiser built to defend merchant shipping against raids by French cruisers and to operate with the battle fleet and were all sheathed for tropical service. Nathan. A famous picture of HMS Audacious sinking after striking a mine. HMS Aboukir was struck at … At the time she was some twenty miles off the coast of Holland. Upon completion she was assigned to the Mediterranean Fleet and spent most of … She was commissioned by Captain H. M. T. Tudor for service on the China Station on 28 May 1901, but her departure was delayed for several months when her steering gear broke down shortly after leaving the base and she had to return. Maritime heritage organizations in the UK and in Denmark have accused Dutch salvage firm Friendship Offshore of pillaging the wreck of the WWI battlecruiser HMS Queen Mary for scrap. He was sixteen years of age. Pictures - Cressy HMS [+1914], wreck, wreck database. HMS Aboukir, HMS Hogue and HMS Cressy were sunk 22 miles off the Dutch coast in 1914 by a German submarine and are the resting place of 1,500 sailors. She was built at Fairfield, Govan, laid down October 1898, completed May 1901. HMS Cressy was a Cressy-class armoured cruiser built for the Royal Navy around 1900. On Thursday the Cressy screw steam line-of-battle ship steamed out of harbour at Sheerness for Spithead, to join the Channel fleet. One such memory is contained within the confines of the 12th century church of St. Nicholas and St. Cyriac in the village of South Pool near Salcombe, Devon. Other sunken warships, including the MHS Hogue, HMS Cressy, and HMS Aboukir, all of which sunk in … HMS Aboukir was a Cressy-class armoured cruiser built for the Royal Navy around 1900. The sinking of the Battleship Cressy, together with the Battleships Aboukir and Hogue on the 22 September 1914 was a disaster in itself, but was made all the more significant because it ushered in the dawn of a terrible new weapon, the submarine. Lavery, Ships of the Line vol. The 1800 ton HMS Scott, was a virtually brand new, state of the art destroyer leader, and she either struck a mine, or was torpedoed, and sank on 18 August 1918. If you want to learn more about Otto Weddigen and how the submarine developed, try this video. He was torpedoed by the U9 the same day as the Aboukir, trying to fish his crew and himself lost 560 men in his wreck. All this changed on the 22 September 1914 when Otto Weddigen in command of the German submarine U9 came into contact with three British battle cruisers, the Hogue, the Aboukir, and the Cressy. In that one hour Weddigen in his primitive submarine had inflicted more causalities on the Royal Navy than Nelson’s fleet suffered at Trafalgar. She was built by Fairfield Shipbuilding& Engineering Co Ltd, Govan, Scotland and launched 16 May 1900. The three ships were sunk off the Dutch coast on September 22, 1914, after being hit by torpedos from a German submarine. The Parish Church of St Nicholas and St Cyriac. Twenty two of her crew were killed in the sinking. They weren’t zig-zagging … For example, the Ministry of Defence has consistently refused to designate wreck sites automatically, a limbo into which fall the three cruisers of the so-called “Livebait Squadron” HMS Cressy, Hogue and Aboukir and their 1459 lost crewmen as well as the Hospital Ship HMHS Anglia have fallen. HMS Aboukir was a Cressy-class armoured cruiser. The armored cruiser, HMS Drake, was built at the Pembroke dockyard between 1899 and 1902. ... Not a war grave, but the wreck of the Sverdlov class cruiser MURMANSK is certainly a spectacular sight. A View of the shipwreck and total loss of the St George and the Defence; Cressy can be seen top left of the picture On September 22nd, 1914 U9 sank the three British armoured cruisers HMS Aboukir, HMS Hogue and HMS Cressy one after the other and on October 15th the British armoured cruiser HMS Hawke under the command of Kapitänleutnant Otto Weddigen. But his luck was not to last. HMS St George was a 98-gun second rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 14 October 1785 at Portsmouth. Two months later in command of his new submarine U29 he was rammed by H.M.S. At 6:20 AM on 22 September, HMS Aboukir was torpedoed by SM U-9 and sank in 35 minutes. HMS Cressy served pre-war service in both North America and the East Indies, and was part of Force C at the beginning of the war. Recommissioned at the start of World War I, she played a minor role in the Battle of Heligoland Bight a few weeks after the beginning of the war. HMS Cressy was launched in December 1899, and after finishing her trials was passed into the fleet reserve at Portsmouth on 24 May 1901. Hit by a torpedo fired by the German submarine U-21, she was to gain the unfortunate title of … St George was jury-rigged and so Captain Atkins of Defence refused to leave her without the Admiral's permission. The sky was clear now, the … She was a special warship, based on the Cressy class of cruisers, which were designed to take on a range of duties – everything from scouting to commerce, to warfare, and, to simply displaying the British flag. Upon completion she was assigned to the China Station. She had only been in service for about a year when she was sunk and was a serious loss to the Grand Fleet at a time when its numerical superiority over the German High Seas Fleet was slim. A first-class share was worth. At the outbreak of the First World War all the great sea powers had submarines in their fleets, but it is fair to say that virtually all the Navy’s despised them and nobody had any real idea of their deadly potential. She saluted the flag of the Commander-in-Chief, and at 12 o'clock fired a Royal salute, in commemoration of Her Majesty's birthday. Cressy did not ask for permission and so avoided wrecking. This British ship was wrecked by a German submarine, together with her sister ships, the HMS Cressy and HMS Hogue. Your email address will not be published. HMHS Anglia, a hospital ship sunk during the First World War, was recently given war grave status, recognizing the remains of the more than 160 soldiers and sailors who lost their lives aboard her.The ship sunk in November of 1915 off the coast of Chepway after hitting a German mine. [2], Both St George and Defence lost almost all their crews, including the Admiral. She eventually left home waters in early October 1901, arrivi… The Wrecker's Guide To South West Devon Part 1, The Wrecker's Guide To South West Devon Part 2, Missing: The Story Of The A7 Submarine DVD, Admiral Shovell’s Treasure-R.Larn & R.McBride, Business in Great Waters – John Terraine, The Man Who Bought a Navy – Gerald Bowman, Falco,chief diver of the Calypso – Falco & Diole, Life and Death in a Coral Sea – J.Y.Cousteau, Sea Lion- Elephant Seal and Walrus – J.Y.Cousteau, A Time to Die, the story of the Kursk – R. Moore. Dreadnaught and sunk. 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