It will tone and strengthen the whole nervous system while relaxing any tension or stress. It grows with wild abandon in the Great Plains section of America, and can be found elsewhere on prairies, in meadows, and open woodlands.  The scientific name references the Ancient Roman term verbena, used for any sacrificial herb considered very powerful (as described e.g. These Magi collected the plant only at very specific times in a very particular ritual way, in a manner reminiscent of mandrake collection. Vervain flowers are engraved on cimaruta, Italian anti-stregheria charms. Voogelbreinder, Snu, Garden of Eden: The Shamanic Use of Psychoactive Flora and Fauna, and the Study of Consciousness. In the 1870 The History and Practice of Magic by "Paul Christian" (Jean-Baptiste Pitois) it is employed in the preparation of a mandragora charm. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Verbena officinalis L. The medicinal use of vervain can be traced back to the 18th century book "Sauer's Herbal Cure," where it was said to aid in the treatment of kidney stones. “Verbena Officinalis.” DreamHerbs, 2011. http://dreamherbs.com/herbal-products/verbena-officinalis/. Status Green - Least concern : Best Time to See ... Common in the south of England and Wales but much rarer in the north of the UK. Your email address will not be published. General aches an… macrostachya (0 accessions) Verbena officinalis var. A wash of vervain is excellent for mouth ulcers, hair and eyes. OTHER NAME(S): Blue Vervain, Common Verbena, Common Vervain, Eisenkraut, Enchanter's Plant, European Vervain, Herb of Grace, Herb of the Cross, Herba … Vervain was an ingredient in many witches’ flying ointments, and Ancient Germans wore vervain on their bodies as charm to create peace, bring love, and pacify evil energies (Voogelbreinder 2009, 345). It is widely naturalised outside its native range, for example in North America. The lobed leaves are toothed, and the delicate spikes hold clusters of two-lipped mauve flowers.. iNaturalist NZ View observations Donate Support NZPCN. SPECIES: Officinalis. It belongs to the Verbenaceae family and its common name changes according to the country it grows in. by Pliny the Elder). Verbena hastata is native to North America and is incredibly similar in appearance and properties to its European cousin Verbena officinalis, whom it is often mistaken for. It is also known as simpler's joy or holy herb, or more ambiguously as "mosquito plant" or "wild hyssop". It grows up to 70 cm high, with an upright habitus. , While common vervain is not native to North America, it has been introduced there and the Pawnee have adopted it as an entheogen enhancer and in oneiromancy, and is often referred to as the North American version of Calea zacatechichi. The authors investigated the effects of clove (Syzygium aromaticum L.), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Miller), cypress (Cupressus sempervirens L.), lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.), herb-of-the-cross (Verbena officinalis L.), pine (Pinus sylvestris), and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) EO on some important foodborne bacteria. Height – 8 to 16 inches (20 to 40 cm) Exposure – full sun Soil – light, well-drained In the modern era, it is sometimes considered a powerful "ally" of poets and writers, as its relaxing effects can relieve writer's block. grandiflora is a beautiful European native, bearing small purple-pink flowers held on spikes of tall, elegant stems. In Ancient Greece, it was dedicated to Eos Erigineia. Botanical Name: Verbena officinalis. Vitex ×adulterina Hausskn. It also is thought to have anti-depressant and anti-tumor activity. The common names of V. officinalis in many Central and Eastern European languages often associate it with iron, for example: Common vervain was scientifically described by Carl Linnaeus his 1753 Species Plantarum. It is not to be confused with, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Ethnopharmacological in vitro studies on Austria's folk medicine - An unexplored lore in vitro anti-inflammatory activities of 71 Austrian traditional herbal drugs", 10.1002/1099-1573(200009)14:6<463::AID-PTR611>3.0.CO;2-G, "Simultaneous determination of four bioactive compounds in Verbena officinalis L. By using high-performance liquid chromatography", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Verbena_officinalis&oldid=993428828, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from November 2007, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 15:50. It is useful in irritated, depressed states. A flower essence prepared from vervain is used to create grounding and stability in individuals who become so focused on a goal that they lose the connection between mind and body and no longer are able to care for physical health (Cech n.d.). Hazlitt's Faiths and Folklore (1905) quotes Aubrey's Miscellanies (1721): "Vervain and Dill / Hinder witches from their will.". Verbena officinalis is a perennial herb that grows up to three feet high. If looking to enhance dreaming, it is best to drink vervain tea or take one dose of dried extract right before going to sleep (DreamHerbs 2011). They used it for divination, consecration, and cleansing sacred spaces. . Vervain regained popularly in the 1930s as one of the 38 flowering plants used in a homeopathic tincture called Bach Flower Remedy, variations of which are still sold today. Allopathic medicine for high blood pressure can be effected by vervain. Name – Verbena officinalis Family – Verbenaceae Type – perennial, grown as an annual.  Medical use of Common Vervain is usually as a herbal tea; Nicholas Culpeper's 1652 The English Physitian discusses folk uses. officinalis Verbena spicata Gilib. Vervain is still thought to bring good fortune to poets and storytellers. The flower tops are prepared as a tea or tincture to treat insomnia and cramps.  It cannot be considered safe to use during pregnancy as it might cause miscarriages. Description: Perennial herb 0.3–1 m high; branches erect, 4-angled, ridges smooth or finely scabrous. It might be closest to a group including such species as the white vervain (V. urticifolia), V. lasiostachys or V. menthifolia, and perhaps the swamp verbena (V. hastata). Snu Voogelbreinder, 2009. It is indigenous to the Mediterranean region but has been widely cultivated throughout eastern Europe, North Africa, China, and Japan.1, 2 A different species in the verbena family, Aloysia triphylla (lemon verbena or lemon beebrush), is used to produce the essential oil of verbena known as vervaine.1 Common names: Verbena (Engl., Tag,) Common vervain (Engl.) prostrata — ID 87383 Symbol Key VEOFP Common Name prostrate verbena Family Verbenaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution NY Growth Habit Forb/herb Duration … Vervain prefers limey soil, and is grown for its powerful herbal properties and lovely appearance. Verbena officinalis herb has been used in the traditional Austrian medicine internally (as tea or liqueur) for treatment of infections and fever.  It also contains a monoterpene alcohol called verbenol. Other Common Names of Vervain: Common or European vervain, enchanter’s plant, herb-of-the-cross, herb of grace, holy herb, ma bian cao, pigeon’s grass, pigeonweed, simpler’s joy, verbena. Verbena officinalis / Common names / AlterVISTA (15) VERBENA OFFICINALIS ESSENTIAL OIL AND CITRAL AS APOPTOTIC INDUCTORS IN LEUKOCYTES OF HEALTHY SUBJECTS AND CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIC PATIENTS / Laura De Martino, Myriam Iorio, Giuseppe Coppola, Annapaola Campana, Clementina Savastano , Bruno Marcello Fusco and Vincenzo De Feo / Pharmacologyonline 2: 170-175 … by Keith Cleversley | Jan 1, 2002 | Plants | 0 comments, FAMILY: Verbenaceae GENUS: Verbena SPECIES: Officinalis COMMON NAMES: Verbena, Verbenaca, Vervain, Veneris Herba, Herba Sacra, Holy Wort, Druid’s Weed, Enchanter’s Plant, Juno’s Tears, Brittanica, Pigeon’s Grass, Pigeonwood, Simpler’s Joy, Ma Bian Cao. Because of the association with the Passion of Christ, it came to be used in ointments to drive out and repel "demonic" illness. It grows on waste places and prefers moist, well-drained soils. Medicinal verbena is a very interesting wild plant, both for its health benefits and therapeutic value as for its qualities as a fragrant herb.. Key medicinal verbena facts. And of course, being the only member of its genus in much of its range, it is also simply known as "vervain" locally. Headaches 2. Among its purported benefits, vervain may help treat. As these, it is diploid with 14 chromosomes. In Bolivia, the Mojo Arawak people use a plant called ‘marari’, which is very similar to vervain.  In another study, four compounds were isolated and identified as apigenin, 4'-hydroxywogonin, verbenalin, and hastatoside. Verbena officinalis var. Verbena is a mild choleretic and hepatic stimulant. One of the few species of Verbena native to regions outside the Americas, it is derived from the lineage nowadays occurring widely across North America. Habitat: Vervain was brought from Europe to North America and is now commonly found growing not only in North America, but also in North Africa, China, and Japan.  Hastatoside and verbenalin have sleep-promoting (soporific) properties. It thrives on sunny, often lime-rich soils and is a popular plant for pollinating insects like bees, moths and butterflies. Ma-pien ts’ao (Chin.) Verbena officinalis L. APNI* .  Aucubin has also been found as one the active constituents. “Bach Flower Essences – The Twelve Healers.”, Roth, H. “Vervain Herb from Alchemy Works.”. The following are often accepted today:, The Texas vervain (V. halei) is sometimes included in V. officinalis as a subspecies or variety. , Numerous local varieties have been described, some of them as distinct species or subspecies. TRADITIONAL EFFECTS: Vervain brings wondrous, vivid, and prophetic dreams, and also acts as an aphrodisiac and nerve tonic. It grows up to a metre (yard) high, with an upright habitus. Show more photos. Vervain. The plant is only utilized for the most difficult divinations, as this preparation causes great pain and insomnia for over a day after the working is complete (Voogelbreinder 2009, 345). Common Vervain (Verbena officinalis) Vervain (Verbena officinalis) has no known psychoactive effects, however it is used in Medical Herbalism for various purposes, including as a … This plant prefers limey soils; it is occasionally grown as an ornamental plant but perhaps more often for the powerful properties some herbalists ascribe to it. Common vervain has been held in high esteem since classical antiquity; it has long been associated with divine and other supernatural forces, and it has an equally long-standing use as a medicinal plant. Verbena officinalis, the common vervain or common verbena, is a perennial herb native to Europe. TRADITIONAL PREPARATION: Vervain herbage, either fresh or dried, can be placed in boiling water and steeped to make a tea. Nowadays, the plant is widely naturalized all over the globe. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Verbena officinalis .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. It can be found growing in chalky grasslands and wastelands, along roadsides, and in some coastal areas. Download PDF Comment on factsheet. Homonyms Verbena officinalis L. Common names Eisenkraut in German Eisenkraut in German The majority of the species are native to the Americas and Asia. Required fields are marked *. It has a powerful calming effect and is useful in cases of insomnia for creating restful sleep. TRADITIONAL USES: Vervain has been held in high esteem by European herbalists for thousands of years. However, it may act as an abortifacient and so must be avoided at all costs by pregnant women (Voogelbreinder 2009, 345). Indeed, after working with the plant for several days, many individuals report enhanced vivid and lucid dreaming experiences (Dream Herbs 2011). Family. It can be used to ease depression and melancholia, especially when this follows illness such as influenza. Common Vervain Verbena officinalis. It dyes the skin a light red when used externally in this way, leading people to believe that it drew the blood from the body (Grieve n.d.). It may also be smoked, although it is more effective as part of a dreamers smoking blend than on its own. Your email address will not be published. A poultice of the herbage may be used to rapidly heal wounds. The leaves are lobed and toothed, and the flowers are delicate and mauve in color. Vervain does cause nausea in some people, and must be avoided by pregnant women (Voogelbreinder 2009, 345). 1. Common name. Vervain is said to have been one of the ingredients of the famed Cauldron of Cerridwen, along with rowan berries, sea water, celandine and flixweed. Verbena officinalis : Source: Lamiales of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Verbena officinalis : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Avoid if breast feeding. officinalis ( 0 accessions ) The name Verbena was the classical Roman name for 'altar-plants' in general, and for this species in particular. Verbena officinalis; Verbena officinalis. The plant is often used in modern herbalism, where it has a wide range of applications. In fact, the name "verbena" is believed derived from the Celtic word ferfaenmeaning "to drive away stones." Members can view this photo in high resolution. The lobed leaves are toothed, the delicate spikes hold mauve flowers. Rochester: Park Street Press, 1998. Verbena species Verbena officinalis Name Synonyms Verbena officinalis subsp. 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