), The Mughal State, Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1997, int ; 1 This paper is concerned with the issues that had a bearing on the relationship between religion and Mughal politics. The Mughal Empire at its zenith commanded resources unprecedented in Indian history and covered almost the entire subcontinent. Though staunch Sunnis personally, Babur and Humayun were tolerant. the Mughal Empire’s most important divide was religious: 20 percent of the population were Muslims, while most of the rest were Hindus : 3. The Mughal (or Mogul) Empire ruled most of India and Pakistan in the 16th and 17th centuries. Mughal-Rajput relations suffered, however, under the reign of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb (1658–1707), who did not pursue the policy of religious accommodation of his predecessors. They both encouraged religious minorities to serve in the military. Even a preliminary look at the sources indicates that within the structures of Indian society at the time, that which can be labelled as consent or dissent, accommodation or confrontation, are far more complicated matters than we have assumed. The Mughal Empire, 1526–1761 The significance of Mughal rule. During Jahangir’s reign, except some occasional outbursts of religious zeal towards Islam, the State maintained the spirit of religious tolerance towards all its subjects.. Shah Jahan, when compared to his father Akbar, undoubtedly favoured Islam: it can be substantiated from the facts that … Regarding its policy toward religious minorities, how was the Ottoman Empire similar to the Mughal Empire? Akbar's was a liberal and enlightened policy. State and Religion Religion plays a significant role in the state system of today's Bangladesh. Through their many centuries of rule in northern India, the Rajputs built spectacular temples, forts, and palaces and were eager patrons of painting. Unlike Aurangzeb, among all Mughal emperors Akbar implemented the most liberal religious policy. Emperor Akbar (r. 1556–1605) attempted serious accommodation of the Hindu majority : a. brought many Hindus into the political-military elite : b. imposed a policy … The way this came about is an inseparable part of the process whereby the Mughal Empire sought Akbar's policy was positively motivated towards achieving the cultural unity of India. Mughal policy of internal cohesion that is often overlooked or dismissed in summarily - the accommodation of Shi'ism and Shias within the official political and social framework, at a time when this had not been achieved anywhere in the Islamic world. correct incorrect. Even the British rulers, who were least concerned with the religious beliefs of the people, recognised their religious sensitivities, and prudence dictated them not to interfere with the religious affairs of their subjects. They both forced religious minorities to convert. The Deccan policy of the Mughals was guided by a number of factors like the strategic importance of the region, the administrative and economic necessities of the Mughal empire, etc. Although Akbar was born into a Sunni Muslim family, he received an education by two Persian scholars on religious matters, which likely had an impact on his tolerant vision for Mughal society. It forms part of a larger work on the process of state formation under the Mughals. RELIGIOUS POLICY The religious policy of the Mughal emperors was, on the whole, a tolerant one. Babar had little time to spare in regard to the Deccan, still his conquest of Chanderi in 1528 brought him close to the northern borders of Malwa. It consolidated Islam in South Asia, and spread … M. Alam and S. Subrahmanyam (eds. To turn to another situation of those times, namely, the view that the Muslim was always the other and qualified by his religion—Islam. It was far more so in ancient and medieval times. correct incorrect. The Ottoman Empire under the leadership of Osman advocates for a policy of religious tolerance and benefits from a period of rapid territorial growth and a highly disciplined military comprised of cavalry and janissaries (#). 1 Cf. Born in Umarkot, India in 1542, Akbar the Great took over as ruler of the Mughal empire when he was just 14 years old.
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